CASE STUDY | Copenhagen hospital extension by 3XN and LINK arkitektur
Bright, beautiful, and energy-saving, the 550,000 sq ft North Wing is the latest extension to Copenhagen’s largest hospital, Rigshospitalet. The wing features more than 200 patient rooms, operating rooms, an intensive care unit, and outpatient clinics. The guiding principles of the design are patient wellbeing and healing, the needs of healthcare professionals and future adaptability of the hospital functions.
See gallery below
Main design | LINK arkitektur and 3XN
Engineering | Sweco
Landscape | Kristine Jensen Tegnestue
Additional design | Nickl & Partner
The new North Wing extension to Rigshospitalet aims to encourage the recovery of each patient, while optimising the efficiency and functionality of the hospital staff.
The new wing is spread out over seven floors and offers a total of 209 patient rooms (196 are single rooms with private bathrooms), 33 operating rooms, an intensive care unit, outpatient clinics, diagnostic imaging functions, and research spaces.
The design and layout of the North Wing are the result of a close collaboration between, as well as the. Additional contributors to the project include the, and the.
Inspired by the lines on a cardiogram graph, the North Wing is shaped as a zigzag, and is intersected by a main ‘artery’ route that runs through the entire wing. The straight, central walkway allows staff to navigate easily from one end of the building to the other, while the surrounding zigzag structure means quiet zones and patient rooms are located away from the central corridor, avoiding unnecessary disturbances.
The zigzag form thus serves numerous purposes: it eases the flow through the hospital by optimising the staff’s circulation routes, while offering patients more comfort and dignity to recover away from the busy hospital environment.
“We are excited that the North Wing is now open. It is a big step forward towards an even more modern and spacious Rigshospitalet. From project engineering to construction, we have consistently had a constructive collaboration with the architects, engineers, and contractors regarding the interior design, workflow, and patient needs. We are looking forward to moving into a new hospital that meets the highest standards, ready to meet the needs of today and the changes of the future”, says Per Christiansen, the Director of Rigshospitalet.
Wards and outpatient clinics are laid out over three floors and are connected by a continuous axis. Arrival areas are optimised for day patients, while the pre- and postoperative areas are placed next to the operating areas.
Two spiral staircases and four central elevator towers connect the floors to the central common area. The staircases are located in the open atria, where daylight flows into the building from the glass ceiling, as well as through large glass sections in the façade. Common waiting areas are established in connection to the two staircases on each floor. To help orientation, each floor has its own dedicated colour scheme applied to doors, flooring, and selected walls.
Artworks by Olafur Eliasson, Malene Landgreen, and Erik A. Frandsen bring colour and life into the building, softening the traditionally sterile hospital environment. The artworks exhibited in the atria are strategically placed to be enjoyed by as many people as possible, including passing pedestrians from outside.
Wellbeing and energy
Healing architecture has been a guiding principle at all levels of the North Wing. The large glass windows let daylight flow into the building and create a connection between the interior spaces and the neighbouring public park Fælledparken.
The daylight-filled space inside the North Wing and the green surroundings help create a peaceful environment for patients and relatives. The result is a hospital building that is pleasant to visit, while providing the patients with optimal conditions for recovery and well-being.
The characteristic zigzag design of the North Wing helps to harness natural daylight and save energy as artificial lighting is minimised.
A natural light stone was chosen for the façade to give it a bright and welcoming appearance. Facets in the façade add a form of shade as well giving the building’s exterior a more vibrant expression that changes throughout the day and from different angles.
Part of the city
The North Wing relates to its surroundings while still asserting its own unique architectural expression. The dynamic form of the North Wing adapts to the surrounding urban space, gradually lowering in scale from north-west to south-east. This means the building is taller towards the high-rise buildings of the existing hospital, while respectfully lowering down towards the classic Copenhagen-style residential buildings across the road. The façade towards Fælledparken is light and open and enters a dialogue with the park rather than forming a solid wall.
Ready for the future
The North Wing has a strong expression, conveying openness, transparency, safety and humanism – while at the same time creating a long-lasting, flexible hospital that can adapt according to future operational needs.
New treatment methods and digital innovations continue to challenge existing hospital settings. The North Wing is therefore designed around simple principles that provide great flexibility and space for adjustments according to future needs.
Courtesy of 3XN, ©Adam Mørk. Click image to launch gallery